WTF is Diabetes?

What is Diabetes?

I am a Type 1 Diabetic, I have been since Dec 1995. I was a soldier in the British Army. I had a healthy diet and life style. One day stood on parade my SSgt sent me to the MedCen to be certified Drunk on Duty and then report to the Guard Room for Rops (Restriction of Privileges). Turns out I wasn’t drunk on duty my Sugar Level was through the roof, like the Army do they gave me some ibuprofen for my headache and told me to report on the Monday Morning for a diagnosis.

That is the day I was diagnosed and I knew my 22 year Army Service would come to an end.

How does a person develop the symptoms of diabetes?

There are basically two types of diabetes, Type I and Type II. These differ as to their cause and treatment. Here are some ideas about what causes diabetes.

Type I

Type I diabetes is caused by a malfunctioning pancreas. What causes the pancreas to malfunction differs from case to case. It tends to run in families, but some individuals have developed diabetes in childhood when no one in their family has any history of the disease.

In some individuals, their own immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys its cells, thereby rendering it useless. In others with Type I diabetes, an injury or pancreatic surgery destroys the pancreas to the point that it can no longer produce insulin.

Type I diabetes has a different demographic than Type II. Children as young as 2 or as old as 22 can be diagnosed with Type I diabetes – hence the alternate name for Type I diabetes: juvenile diabetes. However, older people can certainly develop Type I diabetes, especially if there is injury to the pancreas.

What Triggers It?

An auto-immune disorder might trigger Type I diabetes, as the body’s immune system can inexplicably attack the pancreas and destroy its cells. There might also be some other way that the pancreas gets damaged, which is not age specific.

Type II

Type II diabetes may have some hereditary factors, too, but not to the clear-cut degree that Type I does. In Type II, the body becomes resistant to the insulin that the pancreas is still producing. Or, Type II diabetics have a functioning pancreas but the organ does not produce enough insulin. Older individuals and those who are overweight are considered more at risk for developing Type II diabetes than those with a healthy body weight and lifestyle.

What Triggers It?

Type II diabetes may be triggered by unhealthy, sugar-rich diets and a sedentary lifestyle. The pancreas may simply become exhausted trying to keep the blood sugar down in response to the constant influx of sugar from the diet.

Is there any Common Symptoms and Its Negative Effects On The Body

Diabetes is an extremely common disease, considered to be an epidemic. In fact, India is considered the Diabetes Capital of the world, and the World Health Organization estimates there will be a 200 percent rise in the number of people with diabetes within the next 15 years. There is so much you need to understand about diabetes, including but not limited to:

• What diabetes is and what the common symptoms of the disease are
• What causes diabetes?
• What conditions are tied to it?
• Following a good, healthy diet can control diabetes
• The diabetes myths and facts
• What foods should diabetics eat

What Exactly Is Diabetes and What Are The Common Symptoms?

Diabetes is a reference to how much sugar is in the bloodstream. Most people, when talking about diabetes, also talk about insulin. How are the two words released?

The pancreas is the organ that releases the insulin hormone. Insulin’s job is to break the glucose or sugar down found in food and send it to the cells. The cells use it for fuel for various bodily functions and other requirements.

People who are diabetic do not have enough insulin in the body for the cells to respond to. This is known as insulin resistance. When this happens, the blood’s glucose level increases significantly. When this happens, it causes an array of health problems such as:

• Increased risk of eyesight issues, especially at night. It may lead to glaucoma or blindness.
• Your feet become susceptible to sores and infections – amputation may even become necessary.
• Diabetes is considered a silent killer since it hinders the body from controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels. This can lead to heart attacks and strokes.
• An overabundance of sugar in the body can lead to nerve damage – that also results in tinging, loss of sensation and pain.
• Kidney damage can also occur if the blood glucose levels stay high for too long.

If all of this concerns you, don’t fret so much! Yes, it can be a little scary, but minute changes in your lifestyle and diet can reverse the trend. There is no permanent cure for diabetes, but following a proper diet and getting regular exercise (and using insulin when called for) can keep it under control.

If you notice these common symptoms of diabetes, seek help right away to find out if you do have it:

• Blurry vision
• Constant thirst
• Constant urination
• Excessive hunger
• Tiredness

The key to remember about diabetes is that it slowly develops and it doesn’t kill you quickly. With some discipline, you can live a healthy, long life.

 

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